Thyroid Cancer

Your thyroid, a small, butterfly-shaped gland located on the front of your neck, is part of your endocrine system, which makes and regulates hormones that control your heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolism.
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Our multidisciplinary team of specialists treats many forms of complex thyroid and endocrine cancers with innovative diagnosis and treatment options. 

Our Approach

We are one of a few programs to use molecular DNA analysis on biopsies to determine if a thyroid nodule could become cancer or may have undetected cancer already. This reduces the need to re-operate when only half of the thyroid is removed.

In addition, we are one of a small group of international hospitals to treat poorly differentiated thyroid and adrenal carcinomas with aggressive surgery and medical oncology, and we were the first in Minnesota to establish a robotic thyroid surgery program. We also are the only program in the Minneapolis/St. Paul area to perform almost all of our thyroid and parathyroid surgeries on an outpatient basis.

Research is important to our physicians, many of whom are also faculty at the Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, one of only 41 National Cancer Institute Comprehensive Cancer Centers in the United States. Clinical trials are underway to improve outcomes and treatment options for patients with thyroid and endocrine cancers.

Treatments, Tests, and Procedures


Chemotherapy is a treatment option for adults or children with cancer using drugs that kill cancer cells. Often simply called “chemo,” chemotherapy is a combination of medications designed to destroy cancer cells, cause remission of your cancer or actually cure the cancer.
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Radiation Oncology

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to shrink tumors, kill cancer cells, and treat other non-cancerous conditions. Several types of radiation therapy is often used to limit radiation exposure as much as possible while still delivering the optimal outcomes for patients.
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TomoTherapy is a specialized form of radiation delivery that combines radiation therapy with 3D imaging to create more precise targeting of tumors. It works by delivering radiation beams from multiple directions allowing the radiation to match the exact shape of the tumor.
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Genomic Profiling

During the course of your cancer diagnosis and treatment, your physician may order next-generation DNA sequencing. No two cancers are the same. Next-generation DNA sequencing is a test your physician may use to better understand the unique molecular composition of your cancer.
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Immunotherapy is an emerging form of cancer treatment with great promise and limited toxicity. Its goal is to harness the power of the patient’s immune system and use it to fight cancer. Sometimes called biological therapy, it's changing the way we think about cancer treatment.
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There may be other treatments, test, and procedures for this diagnosis, including:

  • Radiation Therapy
  • Robotic Surgery
  • Hormone Therapy
  • Thyroidectomy
  • Adrenalectomy
  • Radioiodine Therapy
  • Lymph Node Dissection
  • Ultrasound-Guided Needle Biopsy